Electromobility dominates the current discussions. There should be no alternative. The ultimate solution to secure our mobility. And the burner? He's dead. In the public eye. News that goes beyond the mainstream can easily fall through the cracks. The blog has always been Swedish in terms of its DNA. Because we lost production at Saab, Volvo is delivering the topic today. Gothenburg has made headlines in the past. Among other things, the imminent farewell to the combustion engine and a self-imposed speed limit made people sit up and take notice.
Attention that a recent press release hardly found. Which is not appropriate to your meaning. Last week the Swedes announced the outsourcing the combustion activities. What Volvo and Geely previously did apart from each other, should be transferred to a joint company. Affected are 3.000 Swedish employees and the engine plant in Skövde, 5.000 employees of Geely are added. Layoffs are not planned.
Volvo will focus on the development of electromobility in the future. The lucrative development of the burners is left to the newly developing company. In fact, Volvo engines can be found today in many corporate models. For Lynk to 100%, for other brands with different penetration. For Geely, the move could be lucrative. Outside the Group, other brands can be supplied, and demand in China is likely to be high. Not a few Chinese manufacturers use licensed engines from Japanese manufacturers that are outdated. And Volvo burners play in the first division.
The origin of Volvo engines
The origin of the engines is shrouded in mystery. Rumors persist that they have a Saab origin. This is supported by the fact that the engine blocks for diesel and petrol engines are identical. An idea originally from the Stallbacka, which was not realized. The engines were said to have been developed on behalf of AVL in Södertälje, the former location of the Saab engine factory. With Saab's bankruptcy, they were sold at an advanced stage of development to Volvo for a smaller sum of millions, where they came at just the right time. After the split from Ford, Gothenburg needed a new generation of engines and got them cheaply and quickly.
The latest offshoots are the Volvo mild hybrids. Diesel and gasoline engines are electrified with 48 volt technology and have a belt-driven electric motor that is used to recover braking energy. The injection pressure of the gasoline engine approaches that of the diesel engine, with low load 2 cylinders switch off, the engine only runs on two pots. The mild hybrids are said to bring fuel savings of 15%; particle filters are standard. The production of the diesel drives is already running, the gasoline engine is now starting. The factory in Skövde was converted for several million euros.
Burners will accompany us for a long time
Even if in the public perception the burner turns its final round, it will accompany us in an electrified form for a long time. It is frowned upon to write, perhaps too bold and too much against the trend. But there are arguments for the deceased combustor, and the future will be a mix of different types of propulsion.
As far as weight is concerned, burners deliver an unbeatable low-priced package. A three-cylinder with gearbox weighs around 100 kilograms, much less than battery packs with 300 to 700 kilograms. The infrastructure for fueling stands, the farewell of fossil fuels moves closer. The magic words are synthetic fuels, which are made carbon-neutral and can keep the burners alive.
Printing is being researched and developed all over the world, and pilot plants have emerged. In a few years, synthetic fuels will be produced carbon-neutral on an industrial scale, marking the final departure from the oil age. The activities around designer fuels are international and develop an impressive dynamic. In the public discussion, they hardly play a role, which is once again regrettable. Get a good overview Bioenergy Internationalwhere the different trends can be found.
But let's stay in Sweden - the land of forests and good ideas. In Saab's time, people wanted to extract E85 from forest waste until fossil diesel fuel was suddenly considered better for the climate. A wrong path, as we have seen today, but the idea of extracting fuel from plant residues still exists.
Synthetic fuels from Sweden
In the north covers providers Preem AB with two refineries, 80% of the national fuel requirement. The Swedes have always worked a little differently than the rest of Europe, synthetic fuels and the pursuit of self-sufficiency have a long tradition. HVO 100 is a designer fuel that has been available for a long time and partly consists of waste from the forest, paper and food industries. Who in Sweden "Evolution diesel”Refueling at a Preem petrol pump, which gets 50% synthetic fuel in the tank. It drives climate-friendly. It is similar with the "Evolution petrol", which has been offered for 4 years. Here the proportion of climate-neutral substances is somewhat lower, but should be increased.
Another sustainable project is being driven forward by Preem AB and the Setra Group. Your business Pyrocell will produce sawdust renewable fuels in Gävle, north of Stockholm. A renewable resource from forestry waste that is produced in huge quantities. The pilot plant in Gävle is already producing. From the end of 2021, production is to supply the refinery in Lysekil with synthetically produced oil on a larger scale.
Mobility in a heterogeneous environment
Designer fuels are an important topic for the future. The approaches vary from country to country. The Swedes rely on waste from renewable raw materials. A German idea sounds much more futuristic. The German "Crowd Oil”Project wants out of CO2 and decentralized water producing synthetic energy sources. The world's first conversion system runs at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), the prospects are promising. With the CO2which 25.000 air-conditioning systems of the three largest grocers emit, could cover 30% of national kerosene needs or 8% of diesel demand.
A few years ago, this research would have been doomed to failure. The mineral oil lobby would sooner or later have ensured that the plug is pulled before it is ready for the market. Today, the environment has changed in the course of the climate debate, the projects have a chance of realization and can make our mobility climate-friendly.
The burner is far from dead. It will continue to accompany us. Electrified, fuel-neutral with synthetic fuels. He could be the better choice in a heterogeneous environment. In addition to battery-electric vehicles and hydrogen drives, it can form the third pillar in order to save energy and resources. The buyer would have the choice to choose the best drive concept for his life situation. Electric cars for the city, for the long haul synthetic fuels or hydrogen. Technology open-minded, which takes account of the responsible use of the planet.